These Codes should encourage individuals to live impeccably with more joy, more choice, and more peace. A path is not without risk, but is not without rewards. Living by the Warrior Code will enrich daily living on our own terms.
1). THE ETHICS OF DEFENSE
Everyone has the right to defend himself; however, the Ju-Jitsu practitioner must be guided by ethical motives, with the intention to defend himself without hurting others. He must respect the natural integrity of the opponent’s anatomy. With practice, effective self-defense becomes possible without the necessity of inflicting serious injury upon an aggressor. True victory is only achieved if no one loses. The Ju-Jitsu practitioner must be responsible for his own safety, those he is protecting, and for not inflicting unnecessary damage upon the aggressor. There are basically for levels of ethical behavior in combat:
1.Unprovoked attack with initiative and without provocation, resulting in the injury of death of another person. This is the lowest level and is ethically inexcusable and reprehensible.
2.Provoking an attack by insult or a contemptuous attitude, then injuring the other person when they retaliate. The instigator is responsible for inciting the attack, and there is little ethical difference between this level and the one before.
3.Defending against an unprovoked attack, where the attacker is injured or killed. Because the defender is not responsible for the attack, this is more defensible ethically than levels one or two; however, the result is the same injury or death of the other person.
4.Controlled defending against an unprovoked attack, where neither attacker nor defender is injured. This is the ultimate ethical level of self-defense. It requires not only great skill, but also ethical motives and a sincere desire to defend oneself without hurting others. This is the goal of all true self-defense arts and must become the goal of all Ju-Jitsu practitioners if they are to rise above their performance of physical techniques.
2). CODE OF ETHICS FOR SENSEI AS SPIRITUAL GUIDES
Spiritual practices, and especially primary spiritual practices, are not without risk. Therefore, when can individual chooses to practice with the assistance of a guide, both take on special responsibilities. In an effort to integrate the yearning for spiritual exploration with present-day societal concerns, it is necessary to establish some additional principles of ethics for those who serve as spiritual guides as follows:
Spiritual guides are to practice and serve in ways that cultivate awareness, empathy, and wisdom.
Spiritual practices are to be designed and conducted in ways that respect the common good, with due regard for public safety, health, and order. Because the increased awareness gained from spiritual practices can catalyze desire for personal and social change, guides shall use special care to help direct the energies of those they serve, as well as their own, in responsible ways that reflect a loving regard for all life.
Spiritual guides shall respect and seek to preserve the autonomy and dignity of each person. Participation in any primary religious practice must be voluntary and based on prior disclosure consent given individually by each participant while in an ordinary state of consciousness. Disclosure shall include, at a minimum, discussion of any elements of the practice that could reasonably be seen as presenting physical or psychological risks. In particular, participants must be warned that primary religious experience can be difficult and dramatically transformative. Guides shall makes reasonable preparations to protect each participant’s health and safety during spiritual practices and in the vulnerable periods that may follow. Limits on the behaviors of participants and facilitators are to be made clear and agreed upon in advance of any session. Appropriate customs of confidentiality are to be established and honored.
Spiritual guides shall assist with only those practices for which they are qualified by personal experience and by training or education.
Spiritual guides shall strive to be aware of how their own belief systems, values, needs, and limitations affect their work. During primary religious practices, participants may be especially vulnerable to suggestion, manipulation, and exploitation; therefore, guides pledge to protect participants and not to allow anyone to use that vulnerability in ways that harm participants or others.
VI. NOT FOR PROFIT
Spiritual practices are to be conducted in the spirit of service. Spiritual guides shall strive to accommodate participants without regard to their ability to pay or make donations.
Spiritual guides shall practice openness and respect towards people whose beliefs are in apparent contradiction to their own.
3). CODE OF ETHICS FOR COACHES
Coaches can have great influence on developing athletes who are reliant on these coaches for the basic instruction and guidance necessary to reach the top levels. Coaches can have tremendous power over these athletes and this power must not be abused. Therefore, it is necessary to set a code of ethics and conduct to guide the coaches and protect the athletes for the mutual benefit of all concerned. The coaches must follow ethical standards of teaching and training. The coaches and sensei need to establish the criteria, something that is necessary in order to evaluate new and innovative teaching and training methodologies. Criteria must be established according to the best interest of a Ju-Jitsu athlete. The coaches must firmly establish what their end goals are, the relationship of those goals to common Code of Ethics of Ju-Jitsu, and determine what means are to be used to accomplish those ends.
A set of principles to guide the actions of the Ju-Jitsu coaches should include:
Coaches strive to maintain high standards of excellence in their work. They recognize the boundaries of their particular competencies and the limitations of their expertise. They provide only those services and use only those techniques for which they are qualified by education, training, or experience. In those areas in which recognized professional standards do not yet exits, coaches exercise careful judgement and take appropriate precautions to protect the welfare of those with whom they work. They maintain knowledge of relevant scientific and professional information related to the services they render, and they recognize the need for ongoing education. Coaches make appropriate use of scientific, professional, technical, and administrative resources.
Coaches seek to promote integrity in the practice of coaching. Coaches are honest, fair, and respectful of others. In describing or reporting their qualifications, services, or products, they do no make statements that are false, misleading, or deceptive. Coaches strive to be aware of their own belief systems, values, needs, and limitation and the effect of these on their work. To the extent feasible, they attempt to clarify for relevant parties, the roles they are performing and to function appropriately in accordance with those roles. Coaches avoid improper and potentially harmful dual relationship with their athletes.
III. PROFESSIONAL RESPONSIBILITY
Coaches uphold professional standards of conduct, clarify their professional roles and obligations, accept appropriate responsibility for their behavior, and adapt their methods to the needs of different athletes. Coaches consult with, refer to, or co-operate with other professionals and institutions to the extent needed to serve the best interest of their athletes, or other recipients of their services. Coaches’ moral standards and conduct are personal matters to the same degree as is true for any other person, except when coaches’ conduct may compromise their responsibilities or reduce the public’s trust in coaching and/or coaches. Coaches are concerned about the ethical compliance of their colleagues’ conduct. When appropriate, they consult with their colleagues in order to prevent or avoid unethical conduct.
Coaches are aware of their ethical responsibilities to the community and the society in which they work and live. They apply and make public their knowledge of sport in order contribute to human welfare. Coaches try to avoid misuse of their work. Coaches comply with the law and encourage the development of law and policies that serve the interest of sport.
IV. RESPECT FOR PARTICIPANTS AND DIGNITY
Coaches respect the fundamental rights, dignity and worth of all participants. Coaches are aware of cultural, individual and role differences, including those due to age, gender, race, ethnicity, national origin, sexual orientation, disability, language and socio-economic status. Coaches try to eliminate the effect on their work of biases based on those factors, and they do not knowingly participate in or condone unfair discriminatory practices.
V. CONCERN FOR OTHER’S WELFARE
Coaches seek to contribute to the welfare of those with whom they interact. In their actions, coaches consider the welfare and right of their athletes and other participants. When conflicts occur among coaches’ obligations or concern, they attempt to resolve these conflicts and to perform their roles in a responsible fashion that avoids or minimizes harm. Coaches are sensitive to differences in power between themselves and others, and they do not exploit nor mislead other people during or after their relationships.
4). CODE OF ETHICS FOR REFEREES.
The understanding of the referees’ role is the basis for correct and fair judgement. Far too many matches are decided on the basis of a penalty, putting the referee in the position of deciding the outcome. The function of the referee is to keep the match moving towards a conclusion based on skill while at the same time protecting athletes against injury and avoiding one athlete obtaining advantage through a prohibited act. This simple philosophy, combined with knowledge of the rules and common sense, is the key to good officiating.
To conduct professional and fair judgement a referee should strictly follow some basic ethic principles as follows:
- They should always maintain the utmost respect for the Ju-Jitsu.
- They should conduct themselves honorably at all times and maintain the dignity of their position.
- They should always honour an assignment or any other contractual obligation.
- They should attend training meetings so as to know the laws and regulations of the fight, their proper interpretation and their application.
- They should always strive to achieve maximum teamwork with their fellow officials.
- They should be loyal to their fellow officials and never knowingly promote criticism of them.
- They should be in good mental and physical condition.
- They should control the athletes effectively by being courteous and considerate without sacrificing firmness.
- They should do their utmost to assist the fellow officials to better themselves and their work.
- They should not make statements about any fight except to clarify an interpretation of the laws and regulations of the fight.
- They should not discriminate against, or take undue advantage of any individual or group on the basis of race, colour, religion, sex or national origin.
- They should consider it a privilege to be part of the Ju-Jitsu International Federation and their actions should reflect credit upon that organization and its affiliates.
5). PRACTITIONER’S CODE OF CONDUCT.
To master an actual technique, mental culture should come first. Acquiring a technique requires a careful, modest, non-mean, free and attentive mind. In other words a practitioner should do his utmost and nothing less.
- Never be tire of leaning, anywhere, any time; this is secret of knowledge. Be eager to ask question and learn. Appreciate the thrill of learning.
- Be willing to sacrifice for the art and the coach. Respect the skills you are learning, and the efforts it took to bring them to you.
- Never be disrespectful to the coach. Follow his instructions to the best of your ability.
- Always be loyal to the coach and the teaching methods. If you disagree with any procedure or technique, discuss it privately with the coach.
- Practice what you learn and try to perfect your techniques to the best of your abilities. This includes spare time in the gym, and regularly doing conditioning exercises at home on off days.
- Discard any technique you have learned from another school if your coach disapproves of it.
- Always set a good example for lower belts. Be aware that they will try to emulate senior practitioners.
- Help other practitioners to learn and succeed. Recognized that you are all members of a strong group sharing common goals and interests.
- Remember your conduct inside and outside the gym reflect upon the art and the coach. Keep in mind that you cannot discard your responsibility for the Ju-Jitsu skills, which you have learned, wherever you go.
- Behave honorably. Never be impolite. Try to live the tents, which guide art: courtesy, integrity, self-control, and perseverance.
- All teaching aids must be treated with respect, whether they are real weapons such as a sword, katana or stick, simulated weapons such as wooden or plastic knives, sparring equipment, or mats.
6). DOJO ETIQUETTE AND SOME BASIC RULES AND REGULATIONS OF CONDUCT FOR USE INSIDE THE DOJO.
The practitioner must constantly be guided via deep respect for the dojo, for all the people in it, and for the purpose of the practice. Good manners, politeness, courteous behaviors, and maintenance of formal etiquette are part of a practitioner’s training, and essential to developing a respectful attitude to the art. The practitioner should memorize the rules, and always obey them. Coaches should monitor the practitioner’s commitment to self-improvement, and insist on constant self-control. The goal is self-confidence, to be able to achieve peaceful resolution of conflict wherever possible.
The following are several basic rules on how to conduct oneself in the dojo:
I. THE BOW
If standing, bend forward at the waist. You should retain eye contact with the person to which you are bowing. If kneeling, place you hands flat on the floor in front of you so that your hands are touching or overlapping. Touch your forehead to your hands. When a higher Black Belt member enters a studio with a class in session the coach will stop class, acknowledge his presence by having the class bow to him or her.
II. ENTERING/EXITINGTHE DOJO
No practitioner should join or leave class in progress without coach’s permission. Face the room and bow as you enter or exit the dojo.
III. WORKING WITH A PARTNER
Show respect by bowing to your partner both before and after working together.
IV. SITTING SEIZA
Whenever sitting in class, sit seize or with your legs crossed: never sit, which your legs outstretched.
V. STEPPING ON/OFF THE MAT
Always take off your shoes before you step on the mat. Only approved shoes are to be worn on the mat. Face the center of the mat and bow before you step on or off the mat. Step on with the left foot, step off with right foot.
VI. START/CLOSE OF CLASS
Line up, sitting seiza, facing the front of the room (for Kodai No Bushido this is the wall with the flag).White belts will face the front. More advanced practitioners will sit on either the right or the left depending on rank. Black belts will sit with their backs to the wall. When you hear kiotsuke become quite and sit at attention. When you hear shomon-ni bow to the front of the class. When you hear sensei-ni bow(ray) to the class. For the close of class you will line up the same, but the bows are in reverse order.
VII. JOINING/LEAVING CLASSSES IN PROGRESS
In order to join a class in progress stand at the edge of the mat and wait for the coach to bow you on. When you must leave before class is concluded tell the coach you wish to bow off leaving the mat. Whenever you leave the mat (regardless of the reason or expected duration), stand at the edge of the mate and make eye contact with the coach. Wait for the coach to bow to you before leaving the mat.
VIII. EXIT THE MATE AFTER CLASS BY RANK
As a sign of respect for their elders, students remain in seize after the class has ended until all the higher-ranking dojo buddies have bowed of the mate. No practitioner should or leave class in progress without coach’s permission.
It is the responsibility of all to maintain a safe environment. When you feel uncomfortable about a technique the safe thing to do is to pass. Inform the coach whenever you feel that another participant is not working safely. Notify coach before class if you have any mental or physical limitations that may restrict the techniques that are safe for to receive and / or do to others.
Injuries are not allowed. If you must injure yourself your self-stop where you are and call the coach over. All black belts should be trained and certified in Red Cross Standard First-Aid as well as in Ju-Jitsu restorative techniques. Immediately bring any and all injuries to coach’s attention. Do not leave the mat to attend the injuries without notifying the coach as to why you are leaving the mat.
X. THE TAP-MAITA
This is not really a rule of etiquette, but a very important safety rule. If you are in pain or placed in a dangerous position, tap your partner, yourself or the mat so that your partner is aware that you wish him her to stop. This means that the tap should be loud and / or distinctly felt.
XI. THE ART STAYS ON THE MAT
Much of what we practice routinely with each other will seriously injure the uninitiated. It is not be demonstrated or practiced on others outside of the dojo. The first rule of self-defense is to avoid situations that require self-defense.
There are also some additional rules of etiquette that should be practiced.
- No profanity in dojo.
- No smoking in dojo.
- All coaches should be addressed as Mister, Mrs., Miss, or Ms.
- Practitioners should not free spar without protective cup.
- No practitioners should ask or challenge a higher-grade belt to free spar.
- No jeweler should be worn during class.
- Practitioners should not chew gum during class.
- Practitioners should always work out in a clean uniform.
- Practitioners should always keep fingernails and toenails trimmed.
- No practitioner should test for promotion if behind on lessons or payments.